SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
|[X]||QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934|
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018
|[ ]||TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934|
For the transition period from __________________ to _________________
Commission file number: 001-38420
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
|(State or other jurisdiction of|
incorporation or organization)
|7970 S. Kyrene Rd., Tempe, Arizona||85284|
|(Address of principal executive offices)||(Zip Code)|
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes [X] No [ ]
Indicate by a check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes [X] No [ ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
|Large accelerated filer||[ ]||Accelerated filer||[ ]|
|Non-accelerated filer||[ ]||Smaller reporting company||[X]|
|(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)||Emerging growth company||[X]|
If an emerging growth company, indicate by checkmark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. [ ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes [ ] No [X]
As of May 15, 2018, the registrant had 7,904,307 shares of common stock outstanding.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
|March 31, 2018||December 31, 2017|
|Cash and cash equivalents||$||4,517,620||$||5,080,445|
|Accounts receivable, net||1,271,732||1,478,135|
|Note receivable, current||209,331||-|
|Prepaid expenses and other current assets||729,780||586,439|
|Total current assets||9,288,898||10,087,504|
|Property and equipment, net||776,145||677,273|
|Note receivable, long-term||191,574||-|
|Deferred tax assets, net||2,740,000||2,710,182|
|Investment in MREC||1,374,933||1,374,933|
|LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY|
|Accrued compensation and related costs||787,121||593,491|
|Accrued expenses and other current liabilities||261,293||243,573|
|Note payable, current||11,250||11,250|
|Total current liabilities||3,996,882||4,377,021|
|Deferred rent liability||63,028||75,444|
|Note payable, long-term||11,250||11,250|
|Total long-term liabilities||74,278||86,694|
|Commitments and contingencies|
|Preferred stock $0.0001 par value; 5,000,000 authorized; no shares issued or outstanding||-||-|
|Common stock $0.0001 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized; 7,927,774 shares issued and 7,904,307 shares outstanding as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017.||793||793|
|Class A common stock $0.0001 par value; 5,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued or outstanding||-||-|
|Class B common stock $0.0001 par value; 15,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued or outstanding||-||-|
|Treasury stock at cost; 23,467 shares outstanding as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017.||(112,109||)||(112,109||)|
|Additional paid-in capital||14,954,563||14,954,563|
|Total stockholders’ equity||10,300,390||10,386,177|
|TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY||$||14,371,550||$||14,849,892|
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed financial statements.
|Three Months Ended|
|March 31, 2018||March 31, 2017|
|Cost of sales||1,026,156||1,778,945|
|General and administrative||2,008,703||1,614,498|
|Research and development||367,544||342,190|
|Net operating expense||2,376,247||1,956,688|
|Income/(loss) from operations||(158,213||)||473,655|
|OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)|
|Net other income||43,232||6,233|
|Income/(loss) before income taxes||(114,981||)||479,888|
|Income tax expense/(benefit)||(29,194||)||78,000|
|Earnings per common share|
|Weighted average shares outstanding|
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed financial statements.
|Preferred Stock||Common Stock||Additional Paid-In||Treasury||Accumulated|
|Balance at December 31, 2017||-||$||-||7,927,774||$||793||$||14,954,563||$||(112,109||)||$||(4,457,070||)||$||10,386,177|
|Balance at March 31, 2018||-||$||-||7,927,774||$||793||$||14,954,563||$||(112,109||)||$||(4,542,857||)||$||10,300,390|
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed financial statements.
|Three Months Ended|
|March 31, 2018||March 31, 2017|
|Cash flows from operating activities:|
|Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities|
|Depreciation and amortization||68,619||68,385|
|Cash settlement of stock options||-||31,000|
|Changes in operating assets and liabilities:|
|Accounts and note receivable||(194,502||)||737,890|
|Prepaid expenses and other current assets||(143,341||)||(117,869||)|
|Accounts payable and other accrued expenses||461,062||315,941|
|Deferred revenue and deferred rent||(853,618||)||416,926|
|Net cash provided/(used) by operating activities||(395,335||)||955,017|
|Cash flows from investing activities:|
|Purchase of property and equipment||(167,490||)||(46,775||)|
|Net cash used in investing activities||(167,490||)||(46,775||)|
|Cash flows from financing activities:|
|Repurchase of stock options||-||(48,500||)|
|Net cash used in financing activities||-||(48,500||)|
|Net increase (decrease) in cash||(562,825||)||859,742|
|Cash, beginning of period||5,080,445||3,703,579|
|Cash, end of period||$||4,517,620||$||4,563,321|
|Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:|
|Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:|
|Conversion of account to note receivable||$||400,906||$||-|
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed financial statements.
NOTE 1.ORGANIZATION, BUSINESS OPERATIONS and significant accounting policies
VirTra, Inc. (the “Company” or “VirTra”), located in Tempe, Arizona, is engaged in the sale and development of judgmental use of force training simulators and firearms training simulators for law enforcement, military and commercial uses. The Company sells simulators and related products worldwide through a direct sales force and international distribution partners. The original business started in 1993 as Ferris Productions, Inc. In September 2001, Ferris Productions, Inc. merged with GameCom, Inc. to ultimately become VirTra Systems, Inc., a Texas corporation.
Effective as of October 1, 2016 (the “Effective Date”), the Company completed a conversion from a Texas corporation to a Nevada corporation pursuant to a Redomestication Plan of Conversion (the “Plan of Conversion”) that was approved by the Company’s Board of Directors on June 23, 2016 and by its shareholders on September 16, 2016. On the Effective Date, 7,927,774 shares of common stock of VirTra Systems, Inc., a Texas corporation, were converted into 7,927,774 shares of common stock of VirTra Systems, Inc., a Nevada corporation. No shareholders exercised appraisal rights or dissenters’ rights for such shares in accordance with the Texas Business Organization Code.
As part of the Plan of Conversion, the Company filed Articles of Incorporation in Nevada whereby it changed its name from VirTra Systems, Inc. to VirTra, Inc. and revised its capitalization. The Company’s Articles of Incorporation filed in Nevada authorized the Company to issue 62,500,000 shares, of which (1) 60,000,000 shares are common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “common stock”), of which (a) 50,000,000 shares are common stock, par value $0.0001, (b) 2,500,000 shares are Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Class A common stock”), and (c) 7,500,000 shares are Class B common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Class B common stock”) and (2) 2,500,000 shares are preferred stock, par value $0.0001 per share, which may, at the sole discretion of the Board of Directors, be issued in one or more series (the “Preferred Stock”). The Company also adopted new bylaws as part of the Plan of Conversion.
Effective October 20, 2016, the Company effected a 1-for-10 reverse stock split of its issued and outstanding common stock and effective February 12, 2018, the Company effected a 1-for-2 reverse stock split of its issued and outstanding common stock (together, the “Reverse Stock Splits”). All references to shares of the Company’s common stock in this report refer to the number of shares of common stock after giving effect to the Reverse Stock Splits.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in complete annual financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted. However, the Company believes that the disclosures included in these unaudited condensed financial statements are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements reflect all adjustments, which include normal recurring adjustments, considered necessary for a fair presentation of such interim results. The results for the three months ended March 31, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results for any subsequent period. These unaudited condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes for the year ended December 31, 2017 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on March 30, 2018.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Certain reclassifications have been made to the 2017 financial statements to conform to the 2018 financial statement presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on net earnings or cash flows as previously reported.
Significant Accounting Policies
Aside from the adoption of ASU Topic 606, as described below, there have been no other material changes to the significant accounting policies or recent accounting pronouncements previously disclosed in the annual financial statements in the Company’s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017.
The Company records revenue from contract with customers in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (ASU) Topic 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers.” Under ASU 606, the Company must identify the contract with a customer, identify the performance obligations in the contract, determine the transaction price, allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract, and recognize revenue when (or as) the Company satisfies a performance obligation.
The Company’s primary sources of revenue are derived from simulator and accessories sales, training and installation, the sale of customized software and sale of extended warranties. Sales discounts and bad debt allowance are presented in the Financial Statements as reductions in determining net revenues. Credit sales are recorded as current assets. Prepaid deposits received at the time of sale and extended warranties purchased are recorded as current liabilities until earned. The following briefly summarizes the nature of our significant provisions:
|Performance obligation||Method of Recognition|
|Simulator and accessories||Upon transfer of control|
|Installation and training||Upon completion or over period of services being rendered|
|Extended service-type warranty||Deferred and recognized over life of extended warranty|
|Customized software||Upon transfer of control|
Disaggregation of Revenue
Under ASU 606, disaggregated revenue from contracts with customers depicts the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows affected by economic factors. The Company has evaluated revenues, contract assets and liabilities associated with the revenue recognized and the following table illustrates the disaggregation disclosure by customer’s location and performance obligation.
|Three months ended March 31,|
|Simulators and accessories||$||894,229||$||1,552,394||$||2,446,623||$||3,295,463||$||287,170||$||3,582,633|
|Installation and training||67,950||50,220||118,170||136,620||(3,000||)||133,620|
|Licensing and royalties||45,968||-||45,968||43,812||-||43,812|
Adoption of New Accounting Standards
Between May 2014 and December 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued several Accounting Standards Updates (each, an “ASU” and collectively, “ASUs”) on Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). These ASUs supersede nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance under current GAAP and requires an entity to recognize revenues when promised goods or services are transferred to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which an entity expects to be entitled for those goods or services. The standards are effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods therein, and permit the use of either the full retrospective or modified retrospective transition method. This standard was adopted on January 1, 2018 and the Company elected to use the modified retrospective transition method which requires application of ASU 2014-09 to uncompleted contracts at the date of adoption. The adoption of the ASUs under 2014-09 did not have a material impact on financial statements.
In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, Financial Instruments - Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities (“ASU 2016-01”), which requires that equity investments, except for those accounted for under the equity method or those that result in consolidation of the investee, be measured at fair value, with subsequent changes in fair value recognized in net income. However, an entity may choose to measure equity investments that do not have readily determinable fair values at cost minus impairment, if any, plus or minus changes resulting from observable price changes in orderly transactions for the identical or a similar investment of the same issuer. ASU 2016-01 also impacts the presentation and disclosure requirements for financial instruments. The Company wrote-down its Investment in Modern Round to fair value in 2017, the adoption of ASU 2016-01 did not have a material impact on its financial statements. Upon adoption, the Company has elected to utilize the cost minus impairment approach as the investment in Modern Round does not have a readily determinable fair value as of the reporting date.
In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-18, “Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash (a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force),” to provide guidance on the presentation of restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents in the statement of cash flow. The amendments should be applied using a retrospective transition method, and are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The adoption of this statement did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statement presentation.
In February 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-05, “Other Income—Gains and Losses from the Derecognition of Nonfinancial Assets (Subtopic 610-20): Clarifying the Scope of Asset Derecognition Guidance and Accounting for Partial Sales of Nonfinancial Assets,” to clarify the scope of Subtopic 610-20, “Other Income—Gains and Losses from the Derecognition of Nonfinancial Assets,” and to add guidance for partial sales of nonfinancial assets. Subtopic 610-20, which was issued in May 2014 as a part of ASU No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606),” provides guidance for recognizing gains and losses from the transfer of nonfinancial assets in contracts with noncustomers. The amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years, which is the same time as the amendments in ASU No. 2014-09, and early adoption is permitted. The adoption did not have a material impact on the financial statements.
In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-09, “Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting,” to provide clarity and reduce both (1) diversity in practice and (2) cost and complexity when applying the guidance in Topic 718, “Compensation—Stock Compensation,” to a change to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award. The ASU provides guidance about which changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award require an entity to apply modification accounting in Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 718. The amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017 and should be applied prospectively to an award modified on or after the adoption date. The Company does not expect this amendment to have a material impact on its financial statements.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02 – “Leases (Topic 842)”, which requires lessees to put most leases on their balance sheets by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities for those leases classified as operating leases under previous guidance. This ASU will be effective for the Company on January 1, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently in the process of assessing the impact of this ASU on its financial statements.
In July 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-11 – “Earnings Per Share (Topic 260); Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (Topic 480); Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815)” Part I. Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments with Down Round Features and II. Replacement of the Indefinite Deferral for Mandatorily Redeemable Financial Instruments of Certain Nonpublic Entities and Certain Mandatorily Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests with a Scope Exception. Part I applies to entities that issue financial instruments such as warrants, convertible debt or convertible preferred stock that contain down round features. Part II. Simply replaces the indefinite deferral for certain mandatorily redeemable noncontrolling interests and mandatorily redeemable financial instruments of nonpublic entities contained within ASC Topic 480 with a scope exception and does not impact the accounting for these mandatorily redeemable instruments. This ASU is effective for public companies for the annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those annual periods. Early adoption is permitted. The Company does not expect this amendment to have a material impact on its financial statements.
NOTE 2. NOTE RECEIVABLE
An unsecured promissory note was executed on March 23, 2018 by a customer converting their past-due trade receivable from the sale of goods and services in the amount of $400,906. The note bears interest at the rate of ten percent (10%) per annum and requires installment payments of principal and interest due monthly, including late fees. The current portion of the note receivable is collectible in one year or less with the remainder of the note separately classified as long-term. No allowances for doubtful accounts has been recorded as of March 31, 2018.
NOTE 3. INVENTORY
Inventory consisted of the following as of:
|March 31, 2018||December 31, 2017|
NOTE 4.Property and Equipment
Property and equipment consisted of the following as of:
|March 31, 2018||December 31, 2017|
|Furniture and office equipment||202,867||202,867|
|Machinery and equipment||925,495||925,495|
|Total property and equipment||2,482,090||2,314,599|
|Less: Accumulated depreciation||(1,705,945||)||(1,637,326||)|
|Property and equipment, net||$||776,145||$||677,273|
Depreciation expense was $68,619 and $68,385 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
NOTE 5.Accrued Expenses
Accrued compensation and related costs consisted of the following as of:
|March 31, 2018||December 31, 2017|
|Salaries and wages payable||$||337,456||$||115,481|
|401(k) contributions payable||13,533||30,532|
|Accrued Paid Time Off||246,405||257,751|
|Profit sharing payable||189,727||189,727|
|Total accrued compensation and related costs||$||787,121||$||593,491|
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities consisted of the following as of:
|March 31, 2018||December 31, 2017|
|Total accrued expenses and other current liabilities||$||261,293||$||243,573|
NOTE 6.Collaboration Agreement
On January 16, 2015, the Company entered into a Co-Venture Agreement (the “Co-Venture Agreement”) with Modern Round, LLC (“Modern Round”), a wholly owned subsidiary of Modern Round Entertainment Corporation (“MREC”), a related party. MREC is a restaurant and entertainment concept centered on its indoor virtual reality shooting experience. The Co-Venture Agreement provides Modern Round access to certain software and equipment relating to the Company’s products in exchange for royalties.
The Company received 1,365,789 units, representing a 5% ownership interest in Modern Round on the date of the Co-Venture Agreement. The Company recorded the investment at the estimated fair value of the units and which were valued at $0.10 per unit based on Modern Round’s other membership unit sales.The Co-Venture Agreement also provides the Company with conditional warrants to purchase an additional 5% of Modern Round as of the date of that agreement, at an exercise price of $0.25.
On April 14, 2015, Modern Round issued the Company an option to purchase 125,000 units of Modern Round. The option fully vested and became exercisable on the date of grant at an exercise price equal to $0.50 per unit and terminates on the tenth anniversary of the date of grant, if not earlier pursuant to the terms of the option.
On December 31, 2015, Modern Round merged with a subsidiary of MREC pursuant to a Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”) andeach unit of Modern Round issued and outstanding as of the effective time of the merger automatically converted into the right to receive approximately 1.2277 shares of MREC common stock. As a result of the Merger Agreement, the Company held 1,676,748 shares of MREC common stock, options to purchase 153,459 shares of MREC common stock at an exercise price of $0.41 per share, and conditional warrants to purchase 1,676,747 shares of MREC common stock at an exercise price of $0.20 per share.
On October 25, 2016, the Company exercised the conditional warrant and purchased 1,676,747 shares of MREC common stock for $335,349, resulting in the Company’s aggregate holdings of MREC increasing to3,353,495 common shares representing approximately 8.9% of the issued and outstanding common shares of MREC. The MREC equity securities have been recorded as a cost method investment as the Company does not have the ability to exercise significant influence over MREC.
As part of the Co-Venture Agreement, the Company granted 459,691 conditional warrants to affiliates of MREC to purchase 5% of the Company’s capital stock on a fully diluted basis as of the date of the Co-Venture Agreement. The conditional warrants are exercisable commencing at the earlier of the first anniversary of MREC opening its first range facility utilizing VirTra technology or after MREC opening its first range facility utilizing VirTra technology and the payment to the Company of all required U.S./Canada minimum royalty payments during the first 12-month period. MREC opened its first location on June 1, 2016.
The Company also granted 459,691 of additional conditional warrants to affiliates of MREC to purchase another 5% of the Company’s capital stock on a fully diluted basis as of the Agreement date. These conditional warrants are exercisable any time subsequent to MREC’s payment of $2.0 million in cumulative license fees (royalty). Both conditional warrant issuances are for a period of five years with an exercise price of $2.72.
These conditional warrants were considered contingent consideration for the equity investment as they did not meet the definition of a derivative under ASC 815. Thus, the contingent consideration was not included in the cost of the equity investment until the contingency was resolved and the warrant became exercisable.
On June 1, 2017, the warrants related to the opening of the facility vested and became exercisable at an exercise price equal to $2.72 per unit. On June 1, 2017, these warrants were recorded at the Black-Scholes Merton fair value using annual volatility of 91.5%, an annual risk-free rate of 1.76%, expected term of five years and a fair value of $4.28 a share for a fair value of $1,516,246 as an additional investment in MREC. As of June 1, 2017, the total investment in MREC approximated $1,988,800. During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company recognized an impairment loss of $613,241 and is accounting for the investment utilizing the cost minus impairment approach.
On July 28, 2017, the Company received Notices of Exercise for all 459,691 warrants then exercisable (the “Tranche 1 Warrants”) from all the MREC affiliate holders electing to purchase warrants pursuant to the terms of the net exercise provision set forth in the Warrant Agreement. Mr. Saltz (a member of our Board of Directors who is also Chairman of the Board of Directors of MREC, as well as a majority stockholder of MREC) held 398,122 of the Tranche 1 Warrants prior to the assignment of the warrants to MREC on August 11, 2017. Under the net exercise provision, in lieu of exercising the warrant for cash, the holder may elect to receive shares equal to the value of the warrant (or the portion thereof being exercised) by surrender of the warrant and the Company issuing to holder the number of computed shares. Using the July 28, 2017 OTCQX closing price at $4.36 as fair value and the $2.72 warrant exercise price, upon conversion the 459,691 warrants entitled the holders to receive 172,912 shares of the Company’s Common Stock without payment of any additional consideration pursuant to the net exercise terms of the Tranche 1 Warrants that are currently exercisable.
Effective August 16, 2017, the Company and the MREC affiliate holders entered into an agreement (the “Warrant Buyout Agreement”) whereby the Company acknowledged that the affiliates of MREC had assigned the Tranche 1 Warrants to MREC and the Company agreed to repurchase them at a price of $3.924 per share of Common Stock issuable by the Company pursuant to the net exercise terms of the Warrants for a total of $678,505.
In addition, the Company agreed to repurchase from MREC an additional 459,691 warrants held by MREC that are not currently exercisable (the “Tranche 2 Warrants”). Mr. Saltz held 364,122 of the Tranche 2 Warrants prior to their assignment to MREC on August 11, 2017. The Warrant Buyout Agreement amended the Tranche 2 Warrants to provide for the immediate exercise on a net exercise basis of 24,208 shares of the Company’s Common Stock. The aggregate purchase price for the Tranche 2 Warrants is $94,990 based on a price of $3.924 per share of Common Stock issuable on a net exercise basis and based on 24,208 shares of the Company’s Common Stock. The aggregate purchase price of the Tranche 1 Warrants and the Tranche 2 Warrants was $773,495.
In addition, on August 16, 2017, we entered into an amendment to the Co-Venture Agreement to permit MREC to sublicense the VirTra Technology to third party operators of stand-alone location-based entertainment companies. MREC agreed to pay us royalties for any such sublicenses in an amount equal to 10% of the revenue paid to MREC in cases where MREC pays for the cost of the equipment for such location or 14% of the revenue paid to MREC in cases where it does not pay for the cost of the equipment.
The Co-Venture Agreement grants MREC an exclusive non-transferrable license to use the Company’s technology solely for use at locations to operate the concept, as defined in the Co-Venture Agreement. The license would become non-exclusive if the first U.S. location is not opened within 24 months of the effective date and at least one location is opened outside the U.S. and Canada within five years of the Co-Venture Agreement date, the respective milestone dates. Throughout the duration of the Co-Venture Agreement, MREC will pay the Company a royalty based on gross revenue, as defined and subject to certain minimum royalties commencing with the first twelve-month period subsequent to the respective milestone date of June 1, 2017. If the total royalty payments for locations in the United States and Canada together do not total at least the minimum royalty amount specified in the agreement, MREC may pay to VirTra the difference between the amount of total royalty payments and the minimum specified in the agreement to maintain exclusivity. The Company recognized $45,968 and $43,812 for license fee income (royalties) for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
Note 7. Related Party Transactions
During the three months ended March 31 2017, the Company issued 13,750 stock options to the CEO, COO and members of the Board of Directors to purchase shares of common stock at a weighted average purchase price of $5.03. All options are exercisable within seven years of grant date. No stock options were granted during the three months ended March 31, 2018.
During the three months ended March 31, 2017, the Company redeemed stock options from the CEO and COO that had previously been awarded. No such redemptions occurred during the three months ended March 31, 2018. The Company recorded additional compensation expense as follows:
|Three Months Ending March 31,|
|Number of stock options redeemed||-||12,500|
|Amount previously expensed (2011 and 2010)||-||(17,500||)|
|Additional compensation expense||$||-||$||31,000|
Mr. Mitch Saltz, a member of the Company’s Board of Directors, is also Chairman of the Board of Directors and a majority stockholder of MREC. The Company entered into the Co-Venture Agreement with MREC as disclosed in Note 5. Through the terms of that agreement, the Company owns 3,353,495 shares of MREC common stock representing approximately 9.3% of the issued and outstanding shares of MREC common stock. Mr. Saltz has a beneficial ownership in the Company of less than 1% and MREC has 0% ownership in the Company.
Note 8. Commitments and Contingencies
The Company’s operating lease obligations relate to the leasing of the Company’s corporate office space located at 7970 South Kyrene Road, Tempe, Arizona 85284, which expires in April 2019, unless renewed and the leasing of the machine shop building located at 2169 East Fifth St., Tempe, Arizona 85284, which expires in September 2018, unless renewed.
Future minimum lease payments under non-cancelable operating leases are as follows:
|Building Lease Schedule|
The Company has a deferred rent liability of $63,028 and $75,444 as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, relative to the increasing future minimum lease payments. Rent expense was $87,345 and $97,391 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
General or Threatened Litigation
From time to time, the Company is notified of threatened litigation or that a claim is being made against it. As of the financial statement issuance date, there were no claims or pending litigation.
Note 9. Stockholders’ Equity
The Company periodically issues non-qualified incentive stock options to key employees, officers and directors under a Stock Option Compensation plan approved by the Board of Directors in 2009. Terms of the option grants are at the discretion of the Board of Directors but historically have been seven years. During the three months ended March 31, 2017, the Company issued 13,750 stock options, with a weighted average exercise price of $5.20 per share. No stock options were granted during the three months ended March 31, 2018.
2017 Equity Incentive Plan
On August 23, 2017 and October 6, 2017, respectively, the board of directors and shareholders approved the 2017 Equity Incentive Plan (the “Equity Plan”). The Equity Plan is intended to make available incentives that will assist us to attract, retain and motivate employees, including officers, consultants and directors. We may provide these incentives through the grant of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, performance shares and units and other cash-based or stock-based awards.
A total of 1,187,500 shares of our common stock was initially authorized and reserved for issuance under the Equity Plan. This reserve will automatically increase on January 1, 2018 and each subsequent anniversary through 2027, by an amount equal to the smaller of (a) 3% of the number of shares of common stock issued and outstanding on the immediately preceding December 31, or (b) an amount determined by the board. On January 1, 2018, the amount authorized and reserved increased to 1,424,630 shares.
Awards may be granted under the Equity Plan to our employees, including officers, directors or consultants or those of any present or future parent or subsidiary corporation or other affiliated entity. All awards will be evidenced by a written agreement between us and the holder of the award and may include any of the following: stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, performance shares and performance units and cash-based awards and other stock-based awards. To date, there have been no awards under this plan.
The assumptions used for the periods ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, and the resulting estimates of weighted-average fair value per share of options granted during those periods, are as follows:
|Three Months March 31,|
|Volatility||-||99% to 101%|
|Risk-free interest rate||-||1-2%|
|Expected term||-||7 years|
The following table summarizes all compensation plan stock options as of March 31:
|March 31, 2018||March 31, 2017|
|Number of Stock|
|Number of Stock||Weighted Exercise|
|Options outstanding, beginning of year||531,667||$||1.80||557,917||$||1.55|
|Expired / terminated||-||-||-||-|
|Options outstanding, end of quarter||531,667||$||1.80||559,167||$||1.64|
|Options exercisable, end of quarter||521,667||$||1.82||539,167||$||1.68|
Stock compensation expense was $69,163 for the three months ended March 31, 2017. No such expense occurred during the three months ended March 31, 2018. There are 10,000 non-vested stock options as of March 31, 2018 that will vest in October 2018.
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our unaudited financial statements and related notes included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the audited financial statements and notes thereto as of and for the year ended December 31, 2017 and the related Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, both of which are contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on March 30, 2018.
The information in this discussion contains forward-looking statements and information within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, (the “Exchange Act”), which are subject to the “safe harbor” created by those sections. The words “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “may,” “plans,” “projects,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “predicts,” “potential,” “continue,” “would” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. We may not actually achieve the plans, intentions or expectations disclosed in our forward-looking statements and you should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. Actual results or events could differ materially from the plans, intentions and expectations disclosed in the forward-looking statements that we make. The forward-looking statements are applicable only as of the date on which they are made, and we do not assume any obligation to update any forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements in this Form 10-Q are made based on our current expectations, forecasts, estimates and assumptions, and involve risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause results or events to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements. In evaluating these statements, you should specifically consider various factors, uncertainties and risks that could affect our future results or operations. These factors, uncertainties and risks may cause our actual results to differ materially from any forward-looking statement set forth in this Form 10-Q. You should carefully consider these risk and uncertainties described and other information contained in the reports we file with or furnish to the SEC before making any investment decision with respect to our securities. All forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement.
We develop, sell and support use of force training and marksmanship firearms training systems and accessories for law enforcement, military or civilian use. Our simulators use software, hardware and content to create uniquely effective and realistic training that does not require live ammunition or less-than-lethal munitions, which can both save money and provide certain training capabilities unavailable to live fire exercises. We have developed a higher standard in simulation training including capabilities such as: multi-screen video-based scenarios, unique scenario authoring ability, superior training scenarios, the patented Threat-Fire™ shoot-back system, powerful gas-powered simulated recoil weapons, and more.
We also are engaged in licensing our technology to Modern Round Entertainment Corporation (“MREC”), a developer and operator of a combined dining and entertainment concept centered on an indoor shooting experience.
Simulator Product Offerings
Our simulator products include the following:
|●||V-300™ Simulator – a 300° wrap-around screen with video capability is the higher standard for simulation training|
|●||V-180™ Simulator – a 180° screen with video capability is for smaller spaces or smaller budgets|
|●||V-100™ Simulator – a single-screen based simulator system|
|●||The V-100™ MIL is sold to various military commands throughout the world and can support any local language. The system is extremely compact and can even share space with a standard classroom or squeeze into almost any existing facility. If a portable firearms simulator is needed, this model offers the most compact single-screen simulator on the market today – everything organized into one standard case.|
|●||V-ST™ Simulator – a highly-realistic single screen simulated shooting range simulator with the ability to scale to multiple screens|
|●||Top Subject Matter Expert Content – content supplied with our simulators is approved by top firearms training experts|
|●||V-Author™ Software – allows users to create, edit, and train with content specific to agency’s objectives|
|●||Simulated Recoil – a wide range of highly realistic and reliable simulated recoil kits/weapons|
|●||Return Fire Device – the patented Threat-Fire™ device which applies real-world stress on the trainees during simulation training|
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2018 versus 2017
Revenues.Revenues were $3,244,190 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $4,209,288 for the same period in 2017, a decrease of $965,098 net of discounts and allowance for bad debt. The decrease in revenue was primarily due to lower delivery of simulator product and accessories, of which simulator revenue decreased by $715,310 and accessories revenue decreased by $379,131, partially offset by increases in other revenue of $129,343 for scenarios, warranties and licensing fees, net of discounts and bad debt.
Cost of Sales.Cost of sales was $1,026,156 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $1,778,945 for the same period in 2017. A proportional decrease was due to the reduction in revenue resulting in reduced direct materials, direct travel, and direct production supplies. A non-proportional reduction in cost of sales also resulted in reduced costs from the Company’s increased use of its own machine shop for the manufacturing of system and product components, and reduction in materials costs due to favorable supplier pricing of both raw materials and systems components in 2018 compared to the same period in 2017.
Gross Profit.Gross profit was $2,218,034 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $2,430,343 for the same period in 2017 with a gross profit margin of 68% for the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to 58% for the same period in 2017. The gross profit improvement was a result of a reduction in the cost of sales expense, as well as, the revenue of higher margin product mix.
Operating Expenses. Operating expense was $2,376,247 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $1,956,688 for the same period in 2017, an increase of $419,559. SG&A increases resulted from 1) expanding staffing levels and increases in payroll and benefit costs; and 2) professional services increases in annual audit, accounting and legal fees, public company expense and other fees, licenses, subscriptions and professional services. The year-over-year increase in professional services included approximately $132,000 of non-recurring legal and public company expense directly related to the Company’s qualification and completion of its Regulation A+ offering, completion of SEC registration, and Nasdaq listing.
Income Tax Expense.The amount of income tax expense is a function of our pre-tax income. Deferred tax assets reflect current statutory income tax rates in effect for the period in which the deferred tax assets are expected to be realized. As changes in tax laws or statutory tax rates are enacted, deferred tax assets and liabilities are adjusted through the provision of income taxes. As of March 31, 2018, the Company does not believe that there are any uncertain tax positions and does not believe a valuation allowance was necessary. For the three months ended March 31, 2018 the Company recognized an income tax benefit of $29,194 compared to income tax expense of $78,000 for the same period in 2017, a decrease of $107,194. This decrease was primarily due to the net loss in the current period compared to net income in the prior period.
Net Income/Loss.Net loss was $85,787 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to net income of $401,888 for the same period in 2017. The decrease in net income resulted from decreases in revenue, partially offset by an increase in the gross margin and increases in operating expenses as noted above.
Adjusted Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization
Explanation and Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures:
Adjusted earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization and before other non-operating costs and income (“Adjusted EBITDA”) is a non-GAAP financial measure. Adjusted EBITDA also includes non-cash stock option expense. Other companies may calculate Adjusted EBITDA differently. The Company calculates its Adjusted EBITDA to eliminate the impact of certain items it does not consider to be indicative of its performance and its ongoing operations. Adjusted EBITDA is presented herein because management believes the presentation of Adjusted EBITDA provides useful information to the Company’s investors regarding the Company’s financial condition and results of operations and because Adjusted EBITDA is frequently used by securities analysts, investors and other interested parties in the evaluation of companies in the Company’s industry, several of which present a form of Adjusted EBITDA when reporting their results. Adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of the Company’s results as reported under GAAP. Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as an alternative for net (loss) income, cash flows from operating activities and other consolidated income or cash flows statement data prepared in accordance with GAAP or as a measure of profitability or liquidity. A reconciliation of net income to Adjusted EBITDA is provided in the following table:
|RECONCILIATION OF NET INCOME TO ADJUSTED EBITDA|
|Three Months Ended|
|March 31,||March 31,||Increase||%|
|Depreciation and amortization||68,619||68,385||234||0.3||%|
|Non-cash stock option expense||-||69,163||(69,163||)||-100.0||%|
|Provision for income taxes||(29,194||)||78,000||(107,194||)||-137.4||%|
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Liquidity is the ability of an enterprise to generate adequate amounts of cash to meet its needs for cash requirements. The Company had $4,517,620 and $5,080,445 in cash as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. The working capital was $5,292,016 and $5,710,483 as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
Net cash used by operating activities was $395,335 for the three months ended March 31, 2018, and net cash provided by operating activities was $955,017 for the three months ended March 31, 2017, resulting from a decrease in net income and significant changes in accounts receivable, unbilled revenue, inventory, prepaid expense and other current assets, accounts payable and other accrued expenses.
Net cash used in investing activities was $167,490 and $46,775 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, resulting from an increase in purchases of property and equipment.
Net cash used in financing activities was $48,500 for the three months ended March 31, 2017, resulting from the cancellation of stock options . No cash was used in financing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2018.
Our management believes that our current capital resources will be adequate to continue operating our company and maintaining our current business strategy for more than 12 months.
The Company’s backlog consists of bookings for which a signed contract is in place but delivery is scheduled for a future date or has not yet been scheduled and revenue has not been earned or recognized. Backlog includes all products and services, including extended warranties. In the quarter ended March 31, 2018 the Company received new signed bookings totaling $8.6 million of which $247,000 was for extended warranties. Management estimates the majority (over 50%) of the bookings received in the first quarter will be converted to revenue over the next six-month timeframe, while the balance may take longer to convert, such as extended warranties, which will convert to revenue on a straight-line basis over the term of the warranty period ranging between 1-4 years. Management estimates are based on the current contract delivery dates however, contract terms and conditions are subject to modification and are routinely changed at the request of customers. Revenue recognized in the current period is $3.2 million. As of March 31, 2018, the Company’s backlog was approximately $8.3 million.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
We have identified the following policies below as critical to our business and results of operations. Our reported results are impacted by the application of the following accounting policies, certain of which require management to make subjective or complex judgments. These judgments involve making estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain and may significantly impact quarterly or annual results of operations. For all of these policies, management cautions that future events rarely develop exactly as expected, and the best estimates routinely require adjustment. Specific risks associated with these critical accounting policies are described in the following paragraphs.
Basis of Presentation and Use of Estimates
Our financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”), unless otherwise noted. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant accounting estimates in these financial statements include valuation assumptions for share-based payments, allowance for doubtful accounts receivable, inventory reserves, accrual for warranty reserves, the carrying value of long-lived assets, income tax valuation allowances and the carrying value of cost basis investments. Actual results could differ significantly from those estimates.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The fair value of financial instruments approximates their carrying values at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 due to their short maturities. These financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and accrued liabilities.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
We consider all highly liquid investments with a maturity of 90 days or less at the time of purchase to be cash equivalents.
Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
We recognize an allowance for losses on accounts receivable based on an analysis of historical bad debt experience, current receivables aging, and expected future write-offs, as well as an assessment of specific identifiable customer accounts considered at risk or uncollectible. Accounts receivable are charged off after all reasonable collection efforts have been taken. As of March 31, 2018, and December 31, 2017, we maintained an allowance for doubtful accounts of $18,249 and $12,290, respectively.
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market with cost being determined on the average cost method. Work in progress and finished goods inventory includes an allocation for capitalized labor and overhead. The Company routinely evaluates the carrying value of inventory and provides reserves when appropriate to reduce inventory to the lower of cost or market to reflect estimated net realizable value. As of March 31, 2018, and December 31, 2017, the Company maintained reserves of $105,031.
Investments in Other Companies
Minority investments in other companies are accounted for under the cost method of accounting because we do not have the ability to exercise significant influence over the companies’ operations. Under the cost method of accounting, investments in private companies are carried at cost and are only adjusted for other-than-temporary declines in fair value and distribution of earnings. Management regularly evaluates the recoverability of its investment. During the year ended December 31, 2017, we recognized an impairment loss of $613,241. During the period ended March 31, 2018, the Company did not recognize any additional losses due to other-than-temporary declines of the value of the investments.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment are carried at cost, net of depreciation. Gains or losses related to retirements or disposition of fixed assets are recognized in operations in the period incurred. Costs of normal repairs and maintenance are charged to expense as incurred, while betterments or renewals are capitalized. Depreciation commences at the time the assets are placed in service. Depreciation is provided using the straight-line method over the estimated economic lives of the assets or for leasehold improvements, over the shorter of the estimated useful life or the remaining lease term, which are summarized as follows:
|Computer equipment||3-5 years|
|Furniture and office equipment||5-7 years|
|Leasehold improvements||7 years|
Revenue Recognition and Deferred Revenue
Revenues include sales of products and services and are net of discounts. Product sales consist of simulators, upgrade components, scenarios, scenario software, recoil kits, Threat-Fire® and other accessories. Services include installation, training, limited warranties, service agreements and related support. Certain components of our sales include multiple elements comprising of both products and services. Our revenue recognition falls under Accounting Standards Codification (Topic 606) Revenue from Contracts with Customers beginning after December 15, 2017. The new GAAP guidance is used for:
|1.||Identifying the contract with additional consideration given for combining multiple contracts and contract modifications;|
|2.||Identifying performance obligations of goods and services and licensing. The company’s performance obligations identified are the sales of simulator, installation and training, extended warranty and customized software. The simulator is the primary deliverable with an assurance-type warranty included in the price. The installation and training are distinct and separate deliverables. Similarly, the customized software is capable of being distinct and is its own separate deliverable. The extended service-type warranty is a distinct and separate performance obligation and is deferred and allocated over the period of the warranty service is provided because 1) the customer receives periodic service and maintenance; and 2) the obligation to “stand ready to perform,” during the warranty period exists;|
|3.||Determining the transaction price with additional consideration given when applicable:|
|a.||significant financing components|
|c.||consideration payable to customer|
|4.||Allocating the transaction price for each performance obligation on a standalone selling price basis; and|
|5.||Recognizing revenue when each performance obligation is satisfied.|
Revenue from the sale of products is recognized when title and risk of loss passes to the customer. Delivery is considered complete when products have been shipped to the customer and title and risk of loss has transferred to the customer. The standard warranty included in the price of the simulator is an assurance-type warranty, required by law for a period not to exceed one year, and the nature of tasks under the one-year warranty only remedying defective product. For customers other than United States governmental agencies, the Company generally requires advance deposits prior to shipment. Customer deposits are recorded as a current liability under deferred revenue on the accompanying balance sheet and totaled $114,844 and $709,676 as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
Services include installation of product, separately priced extended limited service-type warranties on parts and labor and technical support. Revenue is recognized for service contracts as earned which is generally upon completion of installation or, if extended warranties, on a straight-line basis over the term of the contract. The Company offers a standard warranty on its products from manufacturing defects on a limited basis for a period of one year after purchase and also offers separately priced extended warranties for periods of up to four years beginning after the expiration of the standard one-year warranty. After the standard warranty expires but during the term of the extended warranty, if the device fails to operate properly from defects in materials and workmanship, the Company will repair or replace the defective product at no additional charge. The Company records a gross to net revenue adjustment for the one-year standard warranty and accrues annually the estimated cost of complying with the warranty agreements for all extended warranty years. Deferred revenue for separately priced extended warranties longer than one year totaled $1,914,365 and $2,156,950 as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
Stock Based Compensation
The Company calculates the cost of awards of equity instruments based on the grant date fair value of the awards using the Black-Scholes-Merton option pricing valuation model, which incorporates various assumptions including volatility, expected term and risk-free interest rates.
The expected term of the options is the estimated period of time until exercise and is based on historical experience of similar awards giving consideration to the contractual terms, vesting schedules and expectations of future employee behavior. Expected stock price volatility is based on historical volatility of the Company’s stock. The risk-free interest rate is based on the implied yield available on United States Treasury zero-coupon issues with an equivalent remaining term. The estimated fair value of stock-based compensation awards and other options is amortized on a straight-line basis over the relevant vesting period. Share-based compensation expense is recognized based on awards ultimately expected to vest. Forfeitures are recorded in subsequent periods when they occur.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which requires lessees to put most leases on their balance sheets by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities for those leases classified as operating leases under previous guidance. This ASU will be effective for the Company on January 1, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently in the process of assessing the impact of this ASU on its financial statements.
In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, Financial Instruments - Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities (“ASU 2016-01”), which requires that equity investments, except for those accounted for under the equity method or those that result in consolidation of the investee, be measured at fair value, with subsequent changes in fair value recognized in net income. However, an entity may choose to measure equity investments that do not have readily determinable fair values at cost minus impairment, if any, plus or minus changes resulting from observable price changes in orderly transactions for the identical or a similar investment of the same issuer. ASU 2016-01 also impacts the presentation and disclosure requirements for financial instruments. ASU 2016-01 is effective for public business entities for annual periods, and interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted only for certain provisions. As the Company wrote-down its investment in Modern Round to fair value in 2017, the Company believes that the adoption of ASU 2016-01 will not have a material impact on its financial statements and will change from the cost method of accounting.
We implemented all new accounting standards that are in effect and that may impact our financial statements.
OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS
As of March 31, 2018, we did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that are material to investors. The term “off-balance sheet arrangement” generally means any transaction, agreement or other contractual arrangement to which an entity unconsolidated with us is a party, under which we have any obligation arising under a guarantee contract, derivative instrument or variable interest or a retained or contingent interest in assets transferred to such entity or similar arrangement that serves as credit, liquidity or market risk support for such assets.
Not required for smaller reporting companies.
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Our management, under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has reviewed and evaluated the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2018. Based on such review and evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that, as of March 31, 2018, the disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, (a) is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and (b) is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Change in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
We believe that a control system, no matter how well designed and operated, cannot provide absolute assurance that the objectives of the control system are met, and no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within any company have been detected.
We are not a party to any material litigation, nor, to the knowledge of management, is any litigation threatened against us that may materially affect us. From time to time we are involved in legal proceedings occurring in the ordinary course of business.
Not required for smaller reporting companies.
(b) There have been no material changes to the procedures by which security holders may recommend nominees to the Company’s Board of Directors since the filing with the SEC of the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017.
|31.1||Certification of the Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.|
|31.2||Certification of the Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.|
|32.1||Certification of the Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.|
|101.INS||XBRL Instance Document|
|101.SCH||XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document|
|101.CAL||XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document|
|101.LAB||XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document|
|101.PRE||XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document|
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
|Dated: May 14, 2018||By:||/s/ Robert D. Ferris|
|Robert D. Ferris,|
|Chief Executive Officer and President|
|(principal executive officer)|
|By:||/s/ Judy Henry|
|Chief Financial Officer|
|(principal financial and principal accounting officer)|